Bunion: when your big toe points toward the second toe resulting in a bump to appear on the outside edge of your toe – see picture below. Symptoms include red, calloused skin along the outside edge of the big toe and pain in this joint, worse from the pressure of your shoes. A bunion is formed when the big toe moves out of place as the forefoot presses into the ground with every step. A bunion is the result of a flattened arch that causes the forefoot to spread. This isn’t normal. As the forefoot spreads, the big toe is forced to angle inwards towards the second toe. Over time, after millions of steps, the big toe gradually becomes “set” in this deformed position. In other words, the bunion is usually the end result of a long period of incorrect foot function due to a flattened foot arch. Therefore, a full contact arch support that can flex specific to a person’s forefoot flexibility (Gibb test) is essential to correcting the cause of this source of foot pain.